There are many different varieties of cranes on the market today, both in terms of size and type. Each type and size serves a different function. In essence, a crane is a machine, which lifts materials up and down as well as horizontally. They are most often used in the construction, manufacturing and transport industries. Cranes are typically used to move and assemble heavy equipment. Crane sizes run the gamut from the enormous ones all the way to much smaller ones which tend to be used in factories and workshops. There are also really tall ones typically used in the construction of tall buildings. The three most common crane types are overhead cranes, gantry cranes and small jib cranes.
Small Jib cranes are a type in which there is a horizontal portion, known as a jib or a boom that supports a hoist, which is movable. The horizontal member of this type of crane is fixed either to a wall or floor-mounted pillar. Jib cranes are most often used on military vehicles or in industrial facilities. The horizontal jib can either be fixed, or it can swing through in an arcing movement, which provides more lateral movement.
Small Jib cranes are typically smaller in size, which make them perfect for industrial purposes. The cranes are often referred to simply as hoists. This is because they are often installed on an upper floor area of warehouses so they can lift material in the warehouse to any and all floors.
There are several different types of small jib cranes, including the wall crane and the hammerhead crane, both of which share many similarities with the boom crane. All of these varieties consist of an arm that suspends a hoist rope, hook and block. The difference between the majority of boom cranes and the jib crane is the fact that these cranes are not adjustable to maneuver at a specific angle. Rather, a small jib crane is locked in a fixed horizontal position.
With all types of cranes, taking the proper safety measures prior to and during operation is vital. This is because cranes can be very dangerous if used improperly by untrained operators, with the consequence being the potential for accidents causing serious injury or even death. Even though jib cranes are among the smaller breed of cranes, proper use and safety is still extremely important. Before engaging in use of a crane, you must check it to ensure there are no bent supports and that it is not misaligned at all. Anyone operating a crane must be knowledgeable in the jib arm's range of motion, as well as the location of the Emergency Stop Button and Overload Indicators. An operator must be trained in when and how to use these buttons, along with overall training on the operator of the crane.
With the proper experience and training, small jib cranes can be extremely safe and useful on any job. Due to their size, they can fit inside many large indoor premises, which require the use of a crane to lift materials onto or from many different levels. Remember to always put safety first when getting the job done.